CHEMICAL SCIENCES

CHEMICAL SCIENCES

It is not easy to precisely define the boundary of chemical sciences (or simply Chemistry), because the discipline lies along the spectrum between physics on the one hand and biology on the other. It overlaps and permeates both of these sciences to such an extent that at the interface there is in fact, no clear distinction between them. An idea about the vastness of the subject can be had from the contents pages of the Chemical Abstracts (1907), the world?s most complete guide to chemical literature published by the American Chemical Society.

Its 80 sections are arranged in five broad groupings labelled as Biochemistry (Sections 1-20), Organic Chemistry (21-34), Macromolecular Chemistry (35-46), Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (47-64), Physical, Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry (65-80). Such hybrid names as medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, agricultural chemistry, environmental chemistry, geochemistry, fuel chemistry, petroleum chemistry attest to the wide spread usefulness of chemistry and its close links with other fields of sciences and applied technology. Nevertheless, chemistry may be defined as a subject which is concerned with synthesis, prosperities and reaction of molecules (i.e., the combination of atoms) and the chemistry is the most utilitarian of all sciences which has lent its name to a major segment of the manufacturing industry called chemical industry.

Of all the sciences, it has the closest link to the world of economics and business. It is only in recent times that electronics have found their way into this regime. The application of chemistry for productive purposes has given rise to an engineering discipline called Chemical Engineering. To begin with, it was described as a branch of applied chemistry, because it looked into the special needs of large scale manufacturing of chemical products. Later, it developed into a distinct and unified discipline drawing upon the principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics and mechanical and electrical engineering discipline with roots in chemistry.

As a subject of study, Applied Chemistry (or its variant form, Industrial Chemistry) is taught in the Science Faculties of universities. Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology, on the other hand, are dealt with in the Engineering Faculties. This explains the interchangeable award nomenclatures ? viz., Bachelor of Engineering (BE) and Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech).

Educational Opportunities

Chemistry as one of the subjects is offered at the B.Sc. level. Many universities also offer B.Sc. honors degree in chemistry. A small number of universities, in addition to chemistry as a general subject, have introduced several sub-fields of chemistry, such as Agrochemical, Textile Chemistry and Geochemistry as one of the combinations at the B.Sc level. In Tamil Nadu several colleges, which have introduced Application Oriented Courses within the curriculum structure of B.Sc, offers as many as six sub-fields of chemistry as combinations ? viz., Agricultural Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry, Industrial Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Biochemistry, Dye Chemistry and Polymer Chemistry. Students may opt for not more than two of these subjects.

At the postgraduate level, more than two of these subjects. Indian Institutes of Technology at Chennai, Delhi, Kanpur and Mumbai offer Chemistry. The Pondicheri University has introduced a five-year integrated M.Sc programme in sciences open to 10+2 passed candidates. First five semesters are common for all the three subjects, viz., Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics. Students can then opt for one of the subjects for the subsequent six semesters. Besides, a number of universities have introduced at the postgraduate level such specialized courses as Analytical Chemistry, Applied Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry.

Postgraduate diplomas of one-year duration in related subjects are offered by some universities, e.g., Analytical Chemistry ? SNDT Women?s University (Mumbai), University of Mumbai; Industrial Chemistry ? University of Pune, Sardar patel University (Gujarat), Textile Chemistry-Jai Narain Vyas University (Jodhpur), MS University of Baroda.

Pre-doctoral and doctoral courses are available in most of the universities which offer M.Sc (Chemistry) course. Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore) has an integrated PhD programme in Chemical Science. Candidates possessing B.Sc degree with chemistry or biochemistry as one of the subjects at the B.Sc level and mathematics or chemistry or physics at the 10+2 level are eligible for the course.

A number of research institutions including those under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), such as, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (Hyderabad), National Chemical Laboratory (Pune), Central Leather Research Institute (Chennai) are recognized university centres for pursuing doctoral research. Candidates possessing valid UGC-CSIR NET scores can take advantage of this facility as Junior Research Fellows.

Career Opportunities

Chemistry considered as the "mother" science offers a wide range of career opportunities in such diverse areas as teaching, research, chemical and related industries, consultancy and entrepreneurship. Entering the teaching profession needs valid UGC-CSIR NET score or State Level Eligibility Test (SLET) score. As stated earlier, UGC-CSIR NET score is also a passport to research career although those who do not need such financial supports can also pursue research work. Persons with industrial experience can either opt for consultancy, advising others on how to set up chemical industries or can themselves enter into the venture.

List of Institutions in India M.Sc in Specialised Areas of Chemical Sciences :

Analytical Chemistry

Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar University, Agra-282004

Gulbarga University, Gulbarga-585106

Karnataka University, Dharvar-580003

University of Madras, Chennai-600005

University of Mumbai, Mumbai-400032

Northern Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001

Sardar University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat-388120

Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004.

Applied Chemistry

Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-530003

Avinashlingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore-641041

Barkatulla University, Bhopal-462026

Bharathiar University, Tiruchirapally-620024

Cochin University of Science & Technology, Kochi-682022

University of Delhi, Delhi-110007

Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Indore-452001

Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar-143005

Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad-500028

Jiwaji University, Gwalior-474011

M S University of Baroda, Vododara-390002

North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001

Osmania University, Hyderabad-500007.

Dairy Chemistry

Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner-334002.

Electrochemistry

Alagappa University, Karaikudi-623003.

Industrial Chemistry

Alagappa University, Karikudi-630003

University of Delhi, Delhi-110007

Dr Babasahheb Ambedkar Marathawada University, Aurangabad-431004

Dr B R Ambedkar University, Agra-282004

Guru Jambeshwar University, Hissar

Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar-143005

Kakatiya University, Warangal-506009

Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-132119

Madras University, Chennai-600005

Mahatma Gandhi Chitrkoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot-485331

North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001

Osmania University, Hyderabad-500007

University of Pune, Pune-411007

Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat-388120

Shivaji University, Kolhapur-41600

Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded-431603

Vikram University, Ujjain-456010.

Inorganic Chemistry

Gulbarga University, Gulbarga-585106

Karnataka University, Dhanwar-58003

University of Madras, Chennai-600005

University of Mumbai, Mumbai-400032

North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001

Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat-388120.

Medicinal Chemistry

Osmania University, Visakhapatnam-530003

Organic Chemistry

Gulbarga University, Gulbarga-585106

Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai-400076

Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi-110025

Karnatak University, Dharwar-580003

University of Madras, Chennai-600005

University of Mumbai, Mumbai-400032

North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-580003

Sardar Patel University, Ballabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat-388120.

Pesticide and Agrochemicals

North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001.

Pharmacological Chemistry

Lucknow University, Lucknow-226007

Physical Chemistry

Gulbarga University

Indian Institute of of Technology, Mumbai-400076

Jamai Milia Islamia, New Delhi-110025

Karnataka University, Dharwar-580003

University of Madras, Chennai-600005

University of Mumbai, Mumbai-400032

North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001

Sardar Patel University, Ballabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat-388120

Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004.

Polymer Chemistry

University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram-695034

University of Madras, Chennai-600005

North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001

Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur-482001

Sardar Patel University, Ballabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat-388120.

Rural Industrial Chemistry

Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot-485331 Satna.

Sugar Chemistry

Osmania University, Hyderabad-500007.

Textile Chemistry

Alagappa University, Karaikudi-623003

Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar-143005

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur-342001

M S University of Baroda, Vadodara-390002

CHEMICAL SCIENCES