How to write Bioinformatics Entrance Examination
Bioinformatics Entrance Examination
Bioinformatics is a multidisciplinary approach that combines computational and biological expertise to analyze biological data (both genomic and clinical) to advance biomedical research and development. Job prospects are in all sectors of biotechnology, pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences in research institutions, hospitals and industry.
Programs at every level:
Study of Bioinformatics begins at the undergraduate level with a few B.Tech. programmes open to students completing plus two with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English. Masterís degree in Bioinformatics is open to graduates such as B.Sc. B.Sc. (Agriculture)/ BCS/BE/B.Tech/ MBBS/ B.Pharm./ BAMS/BHMS and BVSc.
Advance Diploma in Bioinformatics is open to M.Sc. in Physical or Mathematical or Life Sciences or Computer Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biotechnology, Biophysics, Botany, Zoology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Computer Science or equivalent), M.Sc.(Agri.) or M.Tech. or MBBS.
M.Tech programmes in Bioinformatics are open to engineering and pharmacy graduates, medical, dental and veterinary science graduates as well as postgraduates in science.
Typical Content of the Entrance Tests:
Admission to B. Tech Bioinformatics programmes is bases on an objective type test with questions to evaluate class 11-12 level of knowledge of physics, chemistry and biology. M.Sc. Bioinformatics entrance tests typically assesses knowledge of physics, chemistry, botany, zoology and mathematics of the 10+2 level, on the one hand, through objective type questions and on the other, evaluates knowledge of life sciences and physical and mathematical sciences through short answer questions of the bachelorís degree level. In the short answer questions the applicant may choose questions from the various sections related to the subjects of his/her background.
For an Advanced Diploma course in Bioinformatics, one may expect a section or paper with objective type questions of the 10+2 and bachelorís degree level in the biological, physical and mathematical sciences and another section/paper with a mix of questions from the subjects matter of physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, biotechnology, biochemistry, computer science and related disciplines of the bachelorís and masterís degree level.
Since applications are invited from graduates and postgraduates of diverse disciplines for the masterís and advance diploma programmes respectively, the questions in the entrance examination would not have a bias in favour of students of any particular discipline. Strong concepts in the basic scientific disciplines at the appropriate level would help.
Overview of entry into specific institutions:
M.Sc Bioinformatics at Department of Bioinformatics, University of Pune, Pune. (http://bioinfo.ernet.in)
The entrance test is Objective and Subjective in nature in English Paper I(90 minutes) would consist of 100 multiple choice questions (all compulsory) requiring knowledge up to 10+2 level in Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Mathematics, Statistics, Logic, Reasoning and English. Paper II (75 minutes) consists of short answer questions to be answered in 10-15 lines each. Ten questions are required to be solved from the given set of questions divided into:
Section A covering areas of Life Sciences (Botany, microbiology, biochemistry, zoology, cell biology, genetics, environmental biology, evolution, molecular biology etc.) and Section B covering Physical Mathematical Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science) at the bachelor degree level.
The candidate shall solve at least three questions from each of the two sections. Negative marking of mark for every 4 incorrect answers in Paper I M.Sc (Bioinformatics) at Jamila Millia Islamia University, New Delhi (www.jmi.nic.in)
The syllabus for the entrance test has been indicated. It covers knowledge of Mathematics (Xth Class CBSC syllabus) and Molecular Biology (Concepts in Biology, Characteristics of living organisms, Structure of cells, Energy flow), Nutrition and Metabolism (Information storage and gene expression, Reproduction and inheritance, Biomolecules: Carbohydrates, Amino acids, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic Acids), Enzymes; Properties, Activation energy, Reaction kinetics, Intercellular Communication, DNA expression and replication, Genes; Cloning, Mutation, X-ray Crystallography, NMR, Genome organization, as also General English(Composition, Expression, Word-power Synonyms and Antonyms, Word Meaning, Word Matching, Literary Sensibility, Critical perception), Computer awareness (Basic understanding of Computers, Programming languages, Information and Communication Technologies and Applications, Current development in IT) and General Knowledge(Current Affairs, Basic knowledge about the cross section of subjects- Science, Geography, Politics, History, Literature etc.)
Advance Diploma in Bioinformatics at Madurai Kamaraj University, School of Biotechnology (www.mkuniversity.org). The question paper (duration two hours) will be divided into tow main parts. Part A(50 marks) will have objective type questions at the level of plus two and degree level. Questions will cover topics from Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Computer Sciences and Mathematical Sciences. Part B (30 marks) will cover questions from the subjects Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Computer Science and other equivalent disciplines requiring up to Masterís degree level knowledge.
Advance Diploma in Bioinformatics, Calcutta University, Kolkata. (www.caluniv.ac.in) The written examination of one and a half hour duration will have questions from Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics and Computer Literacy. Final sections of the candidates would be bases on a total of 100 marks of which, marks obtained in the Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology/Statistics at the plus two level will be calculates as a fraction taking total marks to 40, and 60 from the admission test.
Advance Postgraduate Diploma in Pondicherry University, Pondicherry (www.pondiuni.org). The question paper will be of the objective type with 90 questions. M.Tech. in Information Technology (Bioinformatics) at Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad (Deemed University) Allahabad.(www.iiita.ac.in) for BE/ B.Tech./ M.Sc./ B.Pharm graduates is through GATE score but MBBS/BDS/B.V.Sc & A.H/ equivalent there is an entrance test which has objective type questions on topics related to Fundamentals of Computers and Databases, Introduction to Proteomics and Genomics, Languages, Algorithms and tools, Molecular Structure, Prediction and Visualization, Computer aided Drug Designing, Neuro Informatics.
M.Tech in Bioinformatics at University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad (www.uohyd.ernet.in). The entrance examination question paper consists of 75 objective questions out of which 30 questions would be from Biological Sciences and 15 questions each from Physical Sciences (Physics, Chemistry), Mathematical Sciences (Maths and Statistics) and Computer Sciences.
Note: Admission notifications appear from February onwards for postgraduate and advance diploma programmes. The entrance examinations are usually held in May-June.
How to write Bioinformatics Entrance Examination